A few people have emailed me recently, bringing up the Steve Jobs and Xerox story and saying that he stole the mouse and personal computer from Xerox. A few others mentioned that he was the lone genius who invented most of hardware technology on his own. Neither are correct; the truth is that he innovated. He took a technology discovered before him and improved it. That's how innovation works. Let's delve into the details of how Jobs did this.
Did Jobs steal the idea of the mouse from Xerox Not exactly. Xerox never owned the idea of the mouse. The researchers at the PARC had actually gotten the idea for the mouse from Douglas Engelbart a Stanford Research Institute researcher.
Which takes us back to our post from last week: The Next Big Thing Has Already Been Discovered. Steve Jobs did not steal much from Xerox. The visit to the PARC that day inspired him to improve what has already been discovered. This is how innovation works. You can do the same. Look around, get inspired, innovate.
Both the Macintosh and Lisa projects were underway before the1979 visit. Documents in TheBook of Macintosh (a collection of essays, technicalspecs, and brainstorms written by Jef Raskin on and others) datingfrom the fall of 1979-- months before the PARC visit-- show thatthe Macintosh was going to feature user-friendly interfaces; ascreen that could handle multiple fonts (that is, bitmapped screens);graphics capabilities; and a graphical input device.
Finally, as several authors have pointed out, there were actuallytwo visits by groups from Apple to Xerox PARC in 1979. Steve Jobswas on the second of the two. Jef Raskin, who helped arrangedboth visits, explainedthat he wanted Jobs to visit PARC to understand work that wasalready going on at Apple. The Macintosh project had escaped thechopping block several times, and Raskin had tried to explainto Jobs the significance of the technologies it was incorporating.By showing that other companies considered this kind of work exciting,Raskin hoped to boost the value of the Macintosh's work in Jobs'eyes. Unbeknownst to Raskin, Jobs had his own reasons for visitingPARC: Xerox's venture capital arm had recently made an investmentin Apple, and had agreed to show Apple what was going on in itslab.
The revolutionaries are chased into the hills by an army detachment led by Colonel Günther Reza. John and Juan volunteer to stay behind with two machine guns and dynamite. Much of the Mexican army's detachment is destroyed while crossing a bridge, which is blown up by John. Colonel Reza, who commands an armored car, survives. After the battle, John and Juan find most of their comrades, including Juan's father and children, have been killed by the army in a cave which served as the rebels' hideout. Grief-stricken and enraged, Juan goes out to fight the army single-handed and is captured. John sneaks into camp, where he witnesses executions of many of his fellow revolutionaries by firing squad. They had been informed on by Dr. Villega, who has been tortured by Colonel Reza and his men. This evokes in John memories of a similar betrayal by Nolan, his best friend in Ireland. After Nolan identified John, John killed two British soldiers and then killed Nolan, making him a fugitive and forcing him to flee Ireland. Juan faces a firing squad of his own, but John arrives and blows up the wall with dynamite just in time. They escape on John's motorcycle.
John and Juan hide in the animal coach of a train. It stops to pick up the tyrannical Governor Don Jaime, who is fleeing (with a small fortune) from the revolutionary forces belonging to Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata. As the train is ambushed, John, as a test of Juan's loyalty, lets him choose between shooting the Governor and accepting a bribe from him. Juan kills Jaime, also stealing the Governor's spoils. As the doors to the coach open, Juan is greeted by a large crowd and once again is unexpectedly hailed as a great hero of the revolution. The money is taken away by revolutionary General Santerna.
Leone, Donati and Luciano Vincenzoni worked together on the film's screenplay for three to four weeks, discussing characters and scenes for the film. Donati, who had previously acted as an uncredited script doctor for The Good, the Bad and the Ugly, conceived Juan Miranda's character as an extension of Tuco from The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. Meanwhile, Leone was largely responsible for the character of John Mallory, and the film's focus on the development of John and Juan's friendship. At times, however, Leone, Donati, and Vincenzoni found that they had highly differing opinions about how the film should be made, with Leone wanting to have the film produced on a large scale with an epic quality, while Donati and Vincenzoni perceived the film as a low-budget thriller.
Another theme is amoral non-engagement: Juan is very loyal to his family (consisting of his six children, each from a different mother), but he cannot be trusted by anyone else. He is also very cynical about priests, and he doesn't care about codified law. This relates most closely to those aspects of Southern Italian life observed by Edward Banfield and others.
Duck, You Sucker! failed to gain any substantial recognition from the critics at the time of debut, especially compared to Leone's other films, though he did win the David di Donatello for Best Director. Since then, however, it has received a more favorable reception: on review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the holds an approval rating of 92% based on 24 reviews, with an average rating of 7.40/10. The website's critical consensus reads, \"Duck, You Sucker is a saucy helping of spaghetti western, with James Coburn and Rod Steiger's chemistry igniting the screen and Sergio Leone's bravura style on full display\". The Chicago Reader praised it for its \"marvelous sense of detail and spectacular effects\". The New York Observer argues that Leone's direction, Morricone's score and the leads' performance \"ignite an emotional explosion comparable to that of Once Upon a Time in the West\". In Mexico, where the film is known as Los Héroes de Mesa Verde, it was refused classification and effectively banned until 1979 because it was considered offensive to the Mexican people and the Revolution.
Some scholars speculate that Mozi and the Mohists probably came from a lower social class than, for instance, the Confucians, but the evidence is inconclusive and at best suggestive. Nevertheless, if the conjecture is true, it could well explain the often repetitive and artless style in which much of the Mozi is composed and the anti-aristocratic stance of much Mohist doctrine, as well as why the Mohists paid such attention to the basic economic livelihood of the common people.
Image by ImpervaAs such, the man in the middle will see everything, including all your requests and responses you get from the destination or target server. Besides viewing all the conversation, the man in the middle can modify your requests and responses, steal your credentials, direct you to a server they control, or perform other cybercrimes.
Generally, the attacker can intercept the communications stream or data from either party in the conversation. The attacker can then modify the information or send malicious links or responses to both legitimate participants. In most cases, this can go undetected for some time, until later after a lot of damage.
The best way of avoiding plagiarism is to learn and employ the principles of good academic practice from the beginning of your university career. Avoiding plagiarism is not simply a matter of making sure your references are all correct, or changing enough words so the examiner will not notice your paraphrase; it is about deploying your academic skills to make your work as good as it can be.
SpyShelter AntiNetworkSpy proactive module prevents dangerous trojans from stealing your private informations, while making important SSL internet transactions. It also blocks HTTP/HTTPS trojans on user level as well as POP, SMTP, FTP, loggers.
Monit is configured and controlled via a control file called monitrc. The default location for this file is /.monitrc. If this file does not exist, Monit will try /etc/monitrc, then @sysconfdir@/monitrc and finally ./monitrc. If you build Monit from source, the value of @sysconfdir@ can be given at configure time as ./configure --sysconfdir. For instance, using ./configure --sysconfdir /var/monit/etc will make Monit search for monitrc in /var/monit/etc
is an alternative to using PID files and uses process name pattern matching to find the process to monitor. The top-most matching parent with highest uptime is selected, so this form of check is most useful if the process name is unique. Pid-file should be used where possible as it defines expected PID exactly. You can test if a process match a pattern from the command-line using monit procmatch \"regex-pattern\". This will lists all processes matching or not, the regex-pattern.
This is required to run Monit from init. Using init to start Monit is probably the best way to run Monit if you want to be certain that you always have a running Monit daemon on your system. Another option is to run Monit from crontab. In any case, you should make sure that the control file does not have any syntax errors before you start Monit from init or crontab (use monit -t to check).
We will address this limitation in a future release and convert the scheduler from serial polling into a parallel non-blocking scheduler where checks are guaranteed to run on time and with seconds resolution.
The action is evaluated each time the condition is true. Success action is optional and executed only when the state changes from failure to success. If success action is not set, Monit will send a recovery alert by default.
This applies only to virtual machines on a hypervisor. The steal time shows the percentage of time a virtual machine had to wait the real CPU while the hypervisor was servicing another virtual machine. If this number remains high, the host system is too busy and may need more physical CPUs or offload some virtual machines to another host. 59ce067264